The Dynamics of Female Scientists’ Careers in Innovation

DRUID19 Professional Development Workshop (PDW)

Wednesday, June 19th 2019 (9am to 12pm), Room: SP213
Organizers: Mercedes Delgado and H.C. Kongsted

Speakers: Jenifer Clausell-Tormos (Founder of Develop Diverse), Mercedes Delgado (CBS/MIT Innovation Initiative), Patricia Gabaldón (IE Business School), Jana Gallus (UCLA Anderson School of Management), Adam Jaffe (MIT/Brandeis/Motu Research), Tine Jess (Statens Serum Institut and InnoWomen), H.C. Kongsted (Copenhagen Business School), Louise Mors (Copenhagen Business School), Vera Rocha (Copenhagen Business School), Valentina Tartari (Copenhagen Business School)

The fact that women are under-represented in some STEM fields within universities and in inventive positions within organizations has been singled out as a potentially significant leakage of innovative talent for countries, regions, and organizations. The existence of gender gaps in innovation outputs and innovation-related inputs is well established across countries. Current research is increasingly mapping the inventor gender gap within regions and organizations to examine the drivers of gender inclusion from a career perspective, documenting the importance of some types of organizations, incentives, role models and mentors, even of childhood exposure to innovation, for the participation of women in the innovation economy. With improvements in data availability, including detailed survey evidence, bibliometrics, and increasingly accessible administrative data, as well as advances in research methods, including causal inference and experimental approaches, work on the determinants of female scientists’ career paths and innovation outcomes has experienced substantial advances.

In this PDW, we will review the recent advances, provide an overview of new data and methods, and identify promising paths for future work. The session brings together scholars, practitioners, and inventors who are leveraging these advances. We will present and discuss recent theoretical advances and cutting-edge empirical methods, followed by a panel discussion in which panelists will share their experience and synthesize the discussion and, most importantly, engage in discussion with the PDW participants.


9:00 – 9:10 Welcome and introduction: Mercedes Delgado and H.C. Kongsted

9:10 – 9:40 Jana Gallus: Shine a light (on the bright): The effect of awards on confidence to speak up in gender-typed knowledge work (with Emma Heikensten). Discussant: Louise Mors

9:40 -10:10 H.C. Kongsted: The ins and outs of female inventorship (with Karin Hoisl and Myriam Mariani). Discussant: Vera Rocha

10:10 – 10:25 Coffee Break

10:25 – 10:55 Mercedes Delgado: Catalysts for gender inclusion in innovation: The role of universities and their top inventors (with Fiona Murray). Discussant: Adam Jaffe


11:00 – 12:00 Panel: The Dynamics of Female Scientists’ Careers in Innovation: Paths for Future Work. Panelists: Jenifer Clausell-Tormos, Patricia Gabaldón,Tine Jess and Valentina Tartari


Mercedes Delgado is Associate Professor of Strategy and Innovation at Copenhagen Business School and Research Scientist at the MIT Innovation Initiative. Delgado’s research focuses on the relationship between the regional business environment and the performance of firms, regions, and countries. She examines the role of regional clusters—geographic concentrations of related industries, firms, and supporting institutions —in job creation, innovation, entrepreneurship, inclusivity, and resilience. Delgado’s work has been published in top economic, policy, and strategy journals. She has received a number of prestigious research grants, including a recent National Science Foundation grant on Mapping the Inventor Gender Gap.

Hans Christian Kongsted is a Professor of Applied Econometrics at the Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School. His research and teaching interests focus on the areas of innovation, entrepreneurship, and the economics of science, drawing on his methodological background within the field of econometrics. His recent work has explored firms’ R&D and innovation activities and their relationship with the skills and experience of their high-skilled employees; how academic research affects society via the mobility of scientists between academia and firms; and the role of high-skilled immigrants in academic entrepreneurship.

Jenifer Clausell-Tormos holds a PhD in Biochemistry and Technology Development from the University of Strasbourg in France. She has pursued her career as scientific researcher in Strasbourg, London, Madrid and Copenhagen. She held positions at both universities and industry. Her research focus has been, first, on drug discovery for biomedical applications, and after 10 years, her drive for gender balance and diversity has expanded her research interest to cognitive gender and stylistics. This has resulted in her founding Develop Diverse, a company that uses AI technology to bring diversity to the workplace. Jenifer has participated in multiple events as speaker, such as a TED talk “Posting a job ad? Spell-check for gender bias!” and also participated in the BBC 100 women challenge in Silicon Valley “Breaking the Glass Ceiling” by supporting the team lead as an advisor in gender biases.

Patricia Gabaldón is Associate Professor of economic environment at IE Business School. She has developed her research around the role of women in the economy and its effects in economic growth and sustainability. Patricia is a graduate in Economics of the University of Alcala (Spain), from where she received also her PhD in Economics. Her research has also been published in numerous book chapters and articles in academic journals such as Long Range Planning, Journal of Business Ethics, Corporate Governance: an International Review, or the European Management Journal, among others. She has recently co-authored the book "Gender Diversity in the Boardroom”, analyzing the role of different country policies to increase the presence of women in leadership positions.

Jana Gallus is an Assistant Professor of Strategy and Behavioral Decision Making at UCLA's Anderson School of Management. Her research interests lie in behavioral economics, innovation and strategy, with a focus on non-financial incentives and their effects on motivation and performance. She runs field experiments testing the effects of award schemes and other non-financial incentives for innovation with organizations and crowd-based communities including, among others, Wikipedia, NASA, and international code collaboration platforms. Jana's work has been published in Management Science, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Strategic Management Journal, Labour Economics, and Applied Economics, among other journals. She is the coauthor of Honours versus Money: The Economics of Awards, Oxford University Press. Her research is informed by consulting activities for organizations on the design of incentives and recognition schemes.

Adam B. Jaffe is Research Professor at Brandeis University and Senior Lecturer at the Sloan School at M.I.T. He was previously Director and Senior Fellow at Motu Economic and Policy Research in Wellington New Zealand, and the Fred C. Hecht Professor in Economics, Chair of Economics and Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Brandeis. Jaffe's research focuses on the economics of research and innovation, particularly the relationship between public research and commercial innovation, the measurement of the impacts of research, and the role of the patent system. He is an Editor for Research Policy. Jaffe is the author of two books—Patents, Citations and Innovations: A Window on the Knowledge Economy (with Manuel Trajtenberg, 2002); and Innovation and Its Discontents: How Our Broken Patent System is Endangering Innovation and Progress and What to Do About It (with Josh Lerner, 2004). He is also the editor (with Ben Jones, 2015) of The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy. According to Google Scholar, Jaffe's publications have been cited over 50,000 times.

Tine Jess is a medical doctor and female role model in Danish research. She became doctor of medical science at age 33, professor at age 39, she has been heading the Epidemiological Committee of the European Crohn Colitis Organization, is former member of the Young Academy of the Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters, and she has obtained several acknowledgements for her research, including a Medal of Honor, the UNESCOs for Women in Science Award, and the European Gastroenterology Award. Tine Jess has been member of the Ministry’s Task Force to increase the number of women in science, and she was recently elected InnoWoman by Innovaton Fund Denmark. Tine Jess is currently Head of GI Epidemiology Research at Statents Serum Institut.

Louise Mors is a Professor of Strategic and International Management at the Copenhagen Business School and has also been on the faculty at the London Business School. She has a PhD from INSEAD in France. With a focus on large, global firms, Professor Mors' research examines the relationship between senior managers’ informal networks, organization design and performance. Recently her work has also examined the role of female directors on corporate boards. Professor Mors’ work has been published in the top strategy and management journals, such as the Strategic Management Journal, Organization Science and the Academy of Management Journal. At CBS Louise Mors teaches a variety of courses with a primary focus on core strategy and management. She also teaches strategy on the board education of CBS Executive.

Vera Rocha is Assistant Professor in Economics and Management of Innovation and Entrepreneurship at CBS (Department of Strategy and Innovation). Her main research interests include the dynamics of new ventures, strategic human capital, and entrepreneurial careers.

Valentina Tartari is an associate professor in Economics and Management of Innovation at Copenhagen Business School. She has received her PhD from Imperial College Business School and she has been a visiting scholar at the MIT Sloan School of Management. Her research focuses on the determinants of knowledge production and transfer, inside and outside academia. Specifically, she studies how academic researchers produce scientific knowledge and how this knowledge is transferred to industry and society at large. Valentina is also interested in the role universities have in stimulating local entrepreneurship. Her work has been published in leading innovation and management journals, such as Research Policy and Journal of Management Studies.


The organizers acknowledge grants from the NSF and the Novo Nordisk Foundation and would like to thank Lars Frolund at MIT Innovation Initiative, Pernille Rype at Innovationsfonden, Anja Maier at DTU, and Toke Reichstein at CBS.